The aim of pediatric orthopedics is the prevention, elimination of deformations and disorders of the musculoskeletal system functions. It studies the causes and mechanism of development of pathological conditions and disorders of movement functions, eliminating the deformities and recovery the shape and function of the musculoskeletal system are achieved by conservative and surgical methods of treatment.
In the clinical evaluation of the child's condition with symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders doctor usually defines the scope and causes of the disease and based on the knowledge of the physiological norms of growth and development, establishes how much a child deviates from the norm, and if he needs a referral to a specialist.
Joint swelling, as well as an acute disease or limp, allow to suspect infection of the musculoskeletal system, which should be excluded by sending the child to the consultation.
Evaluation. Children often come with symptoms not directly obvious explanation. In most cases a careful clinical evaluation identifies the affected side, and a preliminary diagnosis.
Carefully collected history helps to hold the differential diagnosis, which later can be clarified by clinical examination.
Normal growth and development of the skeletal system. With the growth of the child change the proportions, and his skeleton is aligning. Baby Limbs are relatively short, but they are growing faster than the body until they reach adult proportions.
The spine of the child looks like a long C-arm. But gradually the shape of the spine is changed. Sets the position of the head, and with it comes the cervical lordosis; when the child starts to sit up, balance is maintained with the help of the lumbar lordosis.
Limbs grow, causing angular and torsion changes. Varus knees discrepancy is normal in infant, should disappear to two years.
Valgus line is detected from two to four years, and for six years is adult form feet - about 7o ° of valgus.
In normal infants has internal tibial torsion, which with varus form of the knee, probably explains the tendency to fall. Adult external tibial torsion varies from 0 to 30 degrees and is set to three years.
Preventive examinations of children for early detection of orthopedic pathology with the issuance of certificates for kindergartens and schools:
The clinic has a program of treatment of the following diseases in children:
- Incorrect posture, scoliosis, juvenile osteochondrosis
- Instability of the cervical spine
- The effects of spinal injuries
- Osgood – Slater’s disease
In the children's orthopedic office, our patient are able to receive conservative treatment for following orthopedic diseases:
Head of the Department of Pediatric traumatology and orthopedics. Doctor traumatologist highest category. Candidate of Medical Sciences
The following types of tests is effected: ultrasound, CT, radiography
After the definition of the disease orthopedist makes recommendations for home treatment or directs to the department of pediatric orthopedics and traumatology clinic for treatment.
Mukasheva Sholpan Myrzagulovna